What is FDI ?

Foreign Direct Investment FDI ek aisi business policy hai jiske dwara ek desh dusre desh mein apne business ko phela sakta hai. Yeh business policy jyadataar deshon mein hoti hai. Isse ek desh ke business man dusre desh mein bhi apna business set up kar sakte hai. jises unka business kafi bad jata hai aur unka ya ek tarike se kahein toh desh ko bahut fayda hota hai.

Foreign Direct Investment FDI ek aisi business policy hai jiske dwara  ek desh dusre desh mein apne business ko phela sakta hai. Yeh business policy jyadataar deshon mein hoti hai. Isse ek desh ke business man dusre desh mein bhi apna business set up kar sakte hai. jises unka business kafi bad jata hai aur unka ya ek tarike se kahein toh desh ko bahut fayda hota hai.


 Har desh ki apni policy hoti hai FDI ko lekar jismein har desh yeh set karta hai ki kis sector mein bhar ki companies kitna Invest kar sakti hai. ispar har desh ki policy alag hoti hai. Agar kisi desh mein fdi ki policy hoti hai toh us desh mein imployment ke offers kafi bad jati hai. Dusre desh se MNC’s ati  hai jise kisi bhi desh mein employment badta hai. Aur desh ka bhi development hota hai.

Kisi dusre desh mein investment do tarike se kiya ja sakta hai- ek toh ‘organically’ jismein ki ap apne business ko dusre desh mein bada sakte hai kisi aise business company ke sath milke jo ki phele se wah ache se kaam kar rahi ho aur ek hota hai ‘inorganically’ jismein ki hum dusre desh mein kisi bhi company ko kharid ke usea apna naam deke use phir se chalu karein
.
FDI ke andar kafi cheese ati hai jaise ki-

  Mergers- jismein ki do ya do jyada company apas mein milkar apne business ko age badaye.

New Facilities- iske andar kisi bhi company dwara kiye gaye kaam se jo naye offers ya resources develop hote hai who iske andar ate hai.

Profits- ismein kafi profit hota hai business man ko bhi aur country ko bhi. Jo ki companies ek desh ke loss ko dusre desh ke profit se compensate katri hai hai jisse unka loss minimize ho jata hai aur profit maximize ho jata hai.

Intra company loans-  iske andar ek company dusri company se loan lati hai. aur use dhire dhire karke deals ke jariye chukka deti hai jise nah company pe koi jyada load ata hai na hi us country ki banks ko jyada amount loan ke tarah dena padta hai .
FDI ke andar kafi important policy hoti hai jaise ki  joint ventures, transfer of technolongy, expertise, participation in management, exchange of stocks.

FDI bhi kai tarah ki hoti hai jaise ki-

Paltform FDI- is FDI ke andar company ji desh mein hai usi desh se dusri country mein investment karti hai taki who us jagah se kisi aur country mein apne goods ko export kar sake jissemein use jyada profit hota hai.

Vertical FDI- is FDI ke andar firm jo ki up ya down ki condition mein chal rahi ho different areas,  toh usmein investment karke stage by stage  apne profit ko earn karte hai.

Jis hisaab se population 1950 ke decade se badi hai who sab population growing countries mein badi hai jisse ki wahan ki economics kafi pressure mein ayi thi jis wajah se FDI ka sahara leke kafi deshon ne apne aap ko dubara establish kiya aur kafi strongly recover kiya. Uske baad kafi deshon ne FDI ka support kiya un deshon mein majorly who desh the jo ki aaj ke time par apnea aap mein ek mahashakti hai.
Inmein shamil hone wale deshon mein hai – China, India, United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Russian Federation,.

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Ashwani Pundhir: What is FDI ?
What is FDI ?
Foreign Direct Investment FDI ek aisi business policy hai jiske dwara ek desh dusre desh mein apne business ko phela sakta hai. Yeh business policy jyadataar deshon mein hoti hai. Isse ek desh ke business man dusre desh mein bhi apna business set up kar sakte hai. jises unka business kafi bad jata hai aur unka ya ek tarike se kahein toh desh ko bahut fayda hota hai.
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Ashwani Pundhir
http://www.ashwaniblogs.com/2016/06/what-is-fdi-in-hinglish.html
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